Give each student a blank piece of paper. Display a
numeral using the numeral cards that are provided. Ask the students to draw the number of objects [such as circles, rectangles,
squares, etc.] that matches the displayed numeral and to silently count the number of objects by writing a number on each
one. This exercise provides information about the students' number recognition, ability to record the number displayed, and
use of one-to-one correspondence to develop rational counting strategies. Use the information gained from this activity to
adjust the pace of this lesson and plan experiences that support and challenge learners. Refer to the students' work to measure
growth, strengths, and needs.
Display the numeral card for 0 and ask students to
make a 0 in the air. Give them a '10' Frame student activity sheet and connecting cubes in two colors, and ask them to fill
in each section of the "10" Frame with a single cube, counting aloud in unison as they do so.
As the student count, have them count in English first,
then in Spanish. By doing so, the students will learn how to count in both languages. This would tailor the lesson to both
the English and Spanish speaking students.
Now have the students color the sections of the "10"
Frame to match the cubes they placed in them. Ask a student to share with the class the way he or she showed 10. [For example,
"I used seven green and three blue cubes."] Repeat with several children. Then tell the students to take these sheets home
to share with their family.
Go to the National
Library of Virtual Manipulatives Web site, and select "Spinners" from the directory. [You may wish to explore the
other tools on this site to determine how they might be useful to you in other lessons.] Create an 11-part spinner by entering
the numbers 0 through 10, starting in the left column. As you enter each number, call on a volunteer to choose a color for
that section of the spinner. After entering the 11 numbers, activate the spinner. After each spin, ask the students to say
the number aloud and make a train with that many connecting cubes, using two colors. Call on a volunteer to tell how many
of each color he or she used to make the train. [In the example below, the student might say, "I used four orange and six
green cubes to make my train of 10."] Repeat several times, choosing different children to activate the spinner each time.
Next use the "Back" button on the Web site to return
to the Number & Operations,
preK-2 directory on the National Library of Virtual Manipulatives Web site, and select
"Bar Charts." Set the number of columns to 11 and the number of rows to 11. Label the columns with the numbers 0 through 10
on the bottom of each column. Delete the term "label" and enter the values 0 through 10, one number in each column. Then click
on one box over "1," seven boxes over "7," and so forth, starting at the bottom of each column and moving up one box at the
time until the appropriate number of boxes are highlighted for that column. Remember that the column labeled "0" will have
no boxes. Repeat this activity several times, choosing different students to count and click on the boxes.
Now distribute the students' Steps to
10 sheets and ask them to color in the column for "10." Ask the students which numbers
they have now shown on the chart [1 through 10]. Ask what they would need to do to complete the "0" column. [Nothing] Then
ask them to compare the online bar chart with the paper chart they have created.
End the lesson by showing a numeral and asking the
students to perform a given action [e. g., stamping a foot, snapping their fingers, turning around] that number of times.
Repeat this activity using several different numbers.